Visit the Ancient Roman Settlement of Pompeii
Located on the west coast of Italy is the city of Naples, which is known for its 448 historical and monumental churches – the highest in the world for a single city. It was founded by Greece between 7th and 6th centuries BC and has historically been linked with the Mafia. A short journey out of the city, however, will take you to one of the most impressive historical sites on earth.
The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Pompeii is an ancient Roman city, which was engulfed following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. The volcano completely buried the town in ash and pumice, killing 3,000 people and forcing a further 20,000 to flee.
Today, you can visit this amazingly well-preserved town, where everything down to the smallest detail including jars, tables and paintings have been frozen in time. Throughout the summer of 2016, Pullmantur Cruises will be operating a number of itineraries that can take you to Naples, thus providing a gateway to this historically significant ancient town. This week, we take a look at some of the landmarks to keep an eye open for during a visit to Pompeii.
Located in the most easterly corner of the evacuated area, the amphitheatre in Pompeii is the earliest surviving permanent amphitheatre in Italy and is one of the best preserved anywhere on earth. It even predates the Roman Colosseum. Completed in 80BC, this venue was used to hold gladiator events, as well as many spectacles involving wild animals, and is capable of holding 20,000 spectators.
House of the Vettii
This structure is believed to have been the home of two brothers, Aulus Vettius Conviva and Aulus Vettius Restitutus, both of whom were freed slaves and had become very affluent. After careful excavation, many frescos were uncovered and restored. These frescos feature illustrations of couples making love and depictions of various mythological characters.
Located to the west of the Forum, the Basilica was the most important public building within Pompeii. Its purpose was to administer justice and provide a hub within which an open-air market could take place and people could conduct trade and business.
Temple of Apollo
A Roman Temple, dedicated to the Greek and Roman god, Apollo, this structure is the town’s most significant religious building and has very ancient origins. Its remains are among the oldest discovered within Pompeii, with some items dating back as far as 575BC.
The Ground Surface
Strangely enough, the ground surface itself is worth admiring in certain areas of Pompeii. Within these areas, you will discover small tiles which are known as cat’s eyes. The Moon and candles reflect off these tiles to provide light, thus enabling people to see where they were walking at night.
Pompeii was not discovered until the 1600’s and was excavated approximately one hundred years after that. Now, you can discover it - along with other Mediterranean delights such as Barcelona, Rome and Athens - for yourself with selected itineraries from Pullmantur Cruises. For more information, contact us via the freephone number above or complete the online form.